Sunday, May 24, 2020
Sample details Pages: 2 Words: 575 Downloads: 5 Date added: 2019/10/10 Did you like this example? This is a case study on a male adult from New Zealand who is aged 62 years. He was the only child in his family and he is blessed with two daughters and one son. He is retired and a widow. After several falls at his home, he decided to check into a care facility. This was because he has difficulties attending to his personal care and he too had none to take care of him since his children are adults to leaving by their own. Taking his medication by himself is a challenge also. He was diagnosed with type two diabetes, high blood pressure, urinary tract infection and diabetic foot ulcers on his big left toe. Currently, he has no allergies and he is put under Metformin 100mg TDS and Metroprolol Cr 47.5mg medication daily. In addition to those medications, he also takes Paracetamol 20ml daily, Nitrofurantoin 100mg which is administered orally a Beta dine ointment PRN which he applies on his toe. DonÃ¢â¬â¢t waste time! Our writers will create an original "Nursing Care Plan and Holistic Care Assesment" essay for you Create order Nursing care plan for high blood pressure must adhere to the therapeutic regimen, prevention of complication and oneÃ¢â¬â¢s life style modification. The plan includes the risk of decreased cardiac output, acute pain, deficient knowledge, activity intolerance and ineffective coping. The risk factor for the plan is myocardial ischemia, ventricular hypertrophy and increased vascular resistance (Kaufman). On the other hand, type two diabetes nursing care plan risk for unsuitable blood glucose, powerlessness, the risk for infection, deficient of knowledge, fatigue, the risk of injury and risk for the inefficient therapeutic regime. Nursing management should be put in place for effective to normalize blood glucose. Also, the must use insulin to decrease complication and exercise and a balanced diet should be maintained. Sam lives in safe clean and comfortable environment harmoniously with staff and neighbors. He speaks and understands English and understands voice tones. His memory is good and very much aware of what is going on around him. With support from staff members and family, he is usually happy and most comfortable. Because of poor vision and sense of hearing, when necessary he wears glasses and a hearing aid gadget. Diabetic foot ulcers on his big left toe cause a lot of pain and because of it, he frequently applies Betadine ointment on his foot. He has difficulties in breathing but no chest pain identified on him. During the night, he has a normal sleeping pattern but uses a pillow to elevate his left foot because he experiences a lot of pain during the night. Because of the type two diabetes, there is a recommended diet for him to help in lowering both his blood sugar level and blood pressure. During the day, he urinates frequently as compared to night and four times a day, he takes anti biotics Nitrofurantoin for UTI (CÃ ¡rdenas-Valladolid et al.). In addition to the above, for hygiene and dressing, he needs assistance from some. More so toileting and dressing. Due to frequent fall he experiences, there is a power chair to help him mobilize. Most of the time he is independent, hence he can stretch a hand of help to others in feeding. During his free time, he enjoys reading, writing and thinking about his life and when his children are free, they visit him. Always he loves being happy and he is not afraid of dying. This is demonstrated through his Christian virtue where he says he wants to meet his parents and wife in heaven.
Thursday, May 14, 2020
Dames, Coppers, and Crooks: A Look At Film Noir nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;Film noir is a style of black and white American films that first evolved in the 1940s, became prominent in the post-war era, and lasted in a classic Ã¢â¬Å"Golden AgeÃ¢â¬ period until about 1960. Frank Nino, a French film critic, first coined the label film noir, which literally means black film or cinema, in 1946. Nino noticed the trend of how Ã¢â¬Å"darkÃ¢â¬ and black the looks and themes were of many American crime and detective films released in France following World War II. In fact, only French critics used the term film noir in their work until the era of noir was over. The French label did not become widely known until the 1970s. The term film noir is now a moreÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Then along came the baby boom, a high increase in marriages, and a high increase in new house owners. nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;Another phenomenon was the explosion of suburban communities. This created a need for building new houses and a demand for cars and highways. Many people moved to the suburbs because they had a longing for more spacious homes, greater security, and better education for their children. Some people also moved to the suburbs for racial issues, because the suburbs were mainly segregated. The suburban life encouraged uniformity. All the surroundings were similar and there was a need for a sense of belonging. The conformity of suburban lives gave way to a drastic increase in memberships in social institutions. The religious participation was especially renewed. Religion was set in bloom partly because of the Cold War where communists were seen as anti-God. Therefore, religion became an expression for patriotism. nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;In corporate life, big businesses grew bigger, and this had an effect on the workingman. He went from a hard-working individual to being a person within a cooperation and achievement. The women were led back to the roles they played before the war. Campaigns were led to lead the women back to the kitchen. They were considered obliged to leave their jobs in the workforce so that the veterans could get Ã¢â¬Å"their jobsÃ¢â¬
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Here's What I Know About The Project Group The Benefits of the Project Group The next Discussion Forum threads may offer information linked to this topic. If it's not interesting to some, they might not be motivated to work as difficult as they might on a topic they found interesting. This list highlights some of the most typical difficulties. View links to the complete detail of every one of the preceding editions. The repository is going to be shared via an internet server, which could also allow pushing. Open the internet portal and pick the project where you wish to add users or groups. Verify your genealogy record is accurate. For those who have ancestors with the surname PARKER, we welcome you to join us in this undertaking. The 30-Second Trick for the Project Group Group projects aren't informal collaborative groups. After developing a project group, you may effectively organize and manage the groups based on your preferences. If you want to participate, or want more details, please contact the, Group coordinator. Click a project group and see the list of projects connected with the project group. Below are a few possible approaches. On a single level, the building industry appears strong. They have several of the exact same skills as their counterpart in the building market. This permits Mercurial to be utilised in a more CVS-like fashion. There are several free on-line platforms obtainable for this kind of work like Google docs. The particular responsibilities of the Project Manager may change depending on the business, the business size, the business maturity, and the company culture. For instance, you may have several Fixed-price project group types, one for every one of your organization's revenue recognition scenarios. You are able to even check out several reviews and after that opt for the business which best suits your requirements and very affordable budget. the Project Group - What Is It? But you're not certain how to have the results that you want. It's extremely important to read carefully essay services reviews, because you would like to prevent low superior services. The review is going to teach you all you want to understand and then it is possible to place your purchase confidently. Our reviews contain information like the score of the clients, our rating, starting prices, Discounts, and grade o f the papers. Whispered the Project Group Secrets Ideal practice dictates that the rigor placed on the remaining part of the undertaking ought to be applied here as well. As a conclusion, our group of skilled experts also provides a last verdict which will help you make a well-informed choice. So there's an assumption that the project manager will not just acquire and handle the team, but in addition cultivate it by performing team-building exercises. You fully grasp the language style of the profession you're studying. A History of the Project Group Refuted If you're thinking that you require someone to compose my essay at this time, you can just rely on our honest reviews. Actually, you're probably just as worried since they are and you will get through it together! Not one of them, however, even arrive near the uniqueness that's Super M. Super M is an endeavor by SM and Capitol Recordsat breaking in the U.S. market in a significant way. Occasionally, groups can encoun ter trouble, and it is helpful to be conscious of a few of the problems (and the acceptable solutions) right from the beginning. Or, you may produce a customized security group in a level and add members to that group. Strength training was created around balance. Don't forget to discuss your group's performance for a group instead of discussing the operation of individual group members. The New Angle On the Project Group Just Released In such tables, the very first column indicates the kind of transaction and other criteria. So we'll create a key data module that will include a TDataBase connection. These tables provide additional information about the requirements for altering the project group type as soon as the original project comprises certain kinds of transactions. This table indicates some tasks that you might have to complete before you assign a project to a different group of exactly the same type. It's possible to add your own code generators which use our framework. Therefore, we've created some tools to keep the software for those processors easy to comprehend, though we will add more features annually. The indicators might be subject to additional review as needed. They provide a flexible framework and a common set of methodologies which in some cases can also be used for country reporting. What You Must Know About the Project Group Like filters, groups arrive predefined, and you may create customized groups. All this info is recorded in the project management program. You willingly take part in the group procedure and production of content. This is a significant opportunity to become involved with exciting and challenging projects with durable clients.
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Question: Discuss About The Corporate Governance In Government Corpora? Answer: Introduction It is to be stated that the Corporations Act 2001 governs the rights of individuals in relation to conducting and operating a business for the purpose of gaining profits. It can be stated that an organization can be incorporated as public or a private company (Legislation.gov.au 2018). Part 2A of the Corporations Act 2001 deals with the provisions of registering a company. It can be said accounting to section 114 of the aforementioned act that private companies are required to have a minimum of 50 members. It is to be mentioned that private companies cannot raise capital by issuing shares to the public. However, in case of public companies there is no limitation on the number of members. Public companies can raise their capital by issuing shares to the public (Tricker and Tricker 2015). It can be stated that registration of public companies requires more documentation. According to section 112 of the Corporations Act 2001 it can be stated that companies can e broadly classified into two categories: Proprietary company Public company It is to be stated that proprietary companies can be further subdivided into companies limited by shares and companies with unlimited share capital (Tricker and Tricker 2015). Public companies can be further subdivided into companies limited by shares, companies limited by guarantee, companies with unlimited share capital and no liability company. It is to be mentioned that part 2A.2 of the aforementioned act deals with how a company in Australia can be registered. It is to be stated according to section 117 of the aforementioned act that the first step of registering a company requires filing of an application to the Australian Securities and Investment Commission (Hudson 2017). However, only the type of companies as mentioned in the section 112 of the act can be registered. According to subsection 117(2) an application for the registration of a company must contain the following information: The type of company proposed to be formed and registered under this act The proposed name of the company Name and address of each of the members of the company The present family name of each of the persons who consents in writing to become directors of the company The present family name of the each of the persons who consents to be the be the company secretary Address of the directors and company secretary The address of the registered office and the principal place of business of the company For a company limited by shares or an unlimited company the number and class of shares each member agrees to take up in writing, the amount that each member of the company is willing to pay for issuance of each share need to be disclosed in the application Prescribed particulars about the issuance of shares needs to be present in the application for the registration of public company limited by shares or an Unlimited company For a company limited by guarantee the proposed amount of guarantee of each member as agreed upon by the members in writing must be present in the application. Section 118 of the act gives the right to the ASIC to give a company ACN and issues certificates for the purpose of registering it upon receiving the application for registration. Section 119 of the Act states that a company comes into existence the day it is registered. According to section 120 it can be stated that a person becomes a secretary of the company or its director upon its registration and if such persons name and details were proposed as a director or a company secretary in the application (Legislation.gov.au, 2018). Application In this given case study, Richard has an extensive olive grove in the Hunter Valley region with over 12000 olive trees. His two sons are proposing to expand the business of their father and for that purpose they are proposing to operate as a company instead of a sole proprietorship. The primary reason for wanting to operate the business as a company is to receive tax benefits. Therefore for the purpose of registering the company they need to follow the procedures as mentioned above. It can be said that firstly they need to decide the type of company intended to be formed by them. After analyzing the details of the case study presented to us, it can be said that forming a proprietary company would be beneficial to the family. As defined by section 45a of the Corporations Act 2001 a proprietary company is privately owned company which has a maximum of 50 shareholders. However, it is to be mentioned that proprietary companies cannot issue shares to the public for the purpose of raising capital. For registration of the company an application has to be made to the Australian Securities and Investment Commission in compliance with the provisions stated in section 117 of the Corporations Act. In the application all the relevant details of the company proposed to be formed by the family has to be present. Firstly it has to be mentioned that choosing the name of the company is of utmost importance. The name of the company has to be unique and no other company can be in existence with the same name. In case of formation of a proprietary company limited by shares, the name of the company must end with Pty Ltd. Section 118 of the aforementioned act gives power to the ASIC to issue ACN registration for the running the business. According to section 119 the company proposed to be formed by Richard and his sons will come into existence the day it is registered. According to section 120, the persons automatically start acting as directors or company secretary upon registration of the co mpany, provided their names were proposed in the application. Thus in conclusion it can be stated that the business of Richard can be given the structure of a Proprietary company limited by registering it with the ASIC. The steps required to be followed to register a company are enumerated in the Corporations Act 2001. The issue which has been identified in the given case study is whether Terry can take any legal action Cosmo Mining Services Pty Ltd or Mine Ltd or Lazarus Pty Ltd? It is to be mentioned that section 124 of the Corporations Act 2001 governs the powers and legal capacity of a company. According to this section it can be stated that a company has the powers and legal capacity of an individual both outside and in its jurisdictions. Therefore, it can be stated that a company has all the powers of a body corporate. However, such powers and authority are separate from the owners of the company. It can be stated that such company can issue and cancel shares in its own name and has complete authority to do so. Every company has a separate legal entity from its owner and can distribute any of the property belonging to the company among the members of the company and can provide security for the capital that is uncalled for. In the remarkable case Salomon V A Salomon And Co Ltd  the concept of separate legal entities of companies has been discussed. It is to be stated that in this case the House of Lords held unanimously that as the company in the question was duly incorporated, it must be treated as a separate legal entity must held responsible solely for the liabilities incurred by it. It was also held that the motive of those who were behind the promotion of the company was irrelevant in discussing the rights and liabilities of the company. Further it can be stated that the concept of corporate veil existing between the members of the company and the company itself was firmly established in this case. Thus according to the finding of the case it can be stated that due to the separate legal entity of the company the liability of the company will not be directly related to the shareholders of the company. The case Lee v Lees Air Farming Ltd (1961) is another landmark case dealing with the principle of corporate veil. In this case it was held by the house of the lords that a company has the right to enter in employment contracts under certain circumstances. However, it can be stated that a company faces all the legal obligations due to its separate legal entity. It was held by the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council that a company will be treated as a separate legal entity and it is possible for a director to have a contract of employment with the company which is owned by him. The case Andar Transport Pty Ltd v Brambles Ltd (2004) is another landmark case dealing with the provision of separate legal of a company. The court highlighted the legal principles in Corporate Law dealing the employees duty of care. It was held by the court that an employer has the duty and must provide his employees with proper and safe working conditions. In this case the High Court has determined that duty if care owed by employer to the employee cannot be co-terminous and co-extensive. It was stated by the court that it is possible to differentiate between the duties owed by an employer to an employee as governed by the common law and those duties which are within the personal capacity of the employers. The case Briggs v James Hardie Co Pty Ltd Co Pty Ltd (1989) is a landmark case dealing with the provisions of corporate veil. In this case it was held by the court that in certain circumstances the corporate veil of a company needs to be pierced to find out who actually holds the duty to the aggrieved party. However lifting of the corporate veil is only permissible in instances where the facts are inconsistent, unpredictable not defined properly (Waqas and Rehman 2016) As per the facts of the case it can be said that Cosmo Mining Ltd in a subsidiary company of Cosmo Mining Services Pty Ltd. Recently Cosmo Mining Ltd has been in the media for contamination of a river nearby due to its mining activities. The river provides water to the residents of Gunbarrel. A few of the residents of the Gunbarrel and an employee of Cosmo Mining Ltd., Terry have contracted cancer because of drinking the contaminated water. When faced with this issue the shareholders of the company Cosmo Mining Ltd. unanimously voted for selling the business of the company to another company, Lazarus Pty. Ltd. According to section 124 of the Corporations Act 2001 it can be said that the company Cosmo Mining Ltd has a separate legal entity from its and therefore it enjoys certain rights and will face certain liabilities (Hudson 2017). Therefore in light of the aforementioned statement it can be said that the company can be held liable for the debts incurred and for all the liabilities. However, in a situation where the company becomes insolvent it will become necessary for the courts to lift the corporate veil of such company. Further section 588G of the Corporations Act 2001 has discussed and defined the personal liability of directors of company for debts incurred by a company in the event of becoming insolvent. Thus it can be said that the Company Cosmo Mining Limited can be held liable for contaminating the river and Terry can take action against such company. Conclusion Thus after analyzing the facts of the case and applying legal principles to the facts it can be stated that Cosmo Mining Limited is responsible for contaminating the river and Terry has the right to take legal action against the same company. Reference List: Andar Transport Pty Ltd v Brambles Ltd (2004) 206 ALR 387; (2004) HCA 28 Briggs v James Hardie Co Pty Ltd Co Pty Ltd (1989) 16 NSWLR 549 Lee v Lees Air Farming Ltd (1961) AC12 Salomon V A Salomon And Co Ltd  AC 22 Legislation.gov.au. (2018).Corporations Act 2001. [online] Available at: https://www.legislation.gov.au/Details/C2018C00031 [Accessed 4 Feb. 2018]. Tricker, R.B. and Tricker, R.I., 2015. Corporate governance: Principles, business-law, and practices. Oxford University Press, USA. Waqas, M. and Rehman, Z., 2016. Separate Legal Entity of Corporation: The Corporate Veil. International Journal of Social Sciences and Management, 3(1), pp.1-4. Whincop, M.J., 2017. Corporate governance in government corporations. Routledge. Hudson, A., 2017.Understanding Company Law. Taylor Francis. Asic.gov.au. (2018).ASIC Home | ASIC - Australian Securities and Investments Commission. [online] Available at: https://asic.gov.au/ [Accessed 4 Feb. 2018].
Friday, April 3, 2020
Describe That Possible Signs, Symptoms, Indicators and Behaviours That May Cause Concern in the Context of Safeguarding. Essay Example
Describe That Possible Signs, Symptoms, Indicators and Behaviours That May Cause Concern in the Context of Safeguarding. Essay DEFINITION OF CHILD ABUSE An abused child is any child, up to the age of 18, who has suffered from, or is believed likely to be at risk of, physical injury, neglect, emotional abuse, sexual abuse or verbal abuse. (Source: www. yesican. org) It is recognised that that it is abuse when someone inflicts harm or fails to prevent it. Children may be abused in a family or in an institutional or community setting, by those known to them or by a stranger, for example, via the internet. Child abuse can have major long-term effects on all aspects of a childs health, development and well being. The main forms of ill-treatments are: )Physical Abuse Physical abuse is deliberately causing physical harm to a child. This might involve punching; kicking, biting, burning, scalding, shaking, throwing or beating with objects such as belts, whips, or sticks. It also includes poisoning, giving a child alcohol or illegal drugs, drowning or suffocation. Physical harm may also be caused when a parent or care r fabricates the symptoms of illness in a child. Ã¢â¬ ¢1. 1) Signs of Physical Abuse Ã¢â¬ ¢There are certain signs that need to be acknowledged when suspicion arises that physical abuse is occurring: Ã¢â¬ ¢Any injuries not consistent with the explanation given to school staff. Injuries which occur to the body in places which are not normally exposed to falls or rough games Ã¢â¬ ¢Injuries which have not received medical attention Ã¢â¬ ¢Reluctance to change for, or participate in PE or swimming Ã¢â¬ ¢Bruises, bites, burns and fractures, for example, which do not have an accidental explanation Ã¢â¬ ¢The child gives inconsistent accounts for the cause of injuries 1. 2) Possible effects of physical abuse Physical abuse can lead directly to neurological damage, physical injuries, disability and in extreme cases death. Physical abuse has been linked to aggressive behaviour in children, emotional and behavioural problems and learning difficulties. (Source: /www. secasa. co). 2) Emotional Abuse Emotional abuse is where repeated verbal threats, criticism, shouting, lack of love and affection causes a severe adverse effect on a childs emotional development. It consists of communicating to children that they are worthless, unloved, and inadequate or valued. Emotional abuse may include not giving a child opportunities to express their views, deliberately silencing them or making fun of what they say. It may feature inappropriate expectations being imposed on a child, over protection and limitation of exploration and learning, or preventing the child from taking part in normal social interaction. It may also involve seeing or hearing a person being ill-treated and you do not do anything to stop the abuse. With the development of the internet the so called cyber-bullying is another matter that has become prevalent over the past few years; which in turn causes children to frequently feel scared or in danger. 2. 2Signs of possible emotional abuse Depression, aggression, extreme anxiety, changes or regression in mood or behaviour, particularly where a child withdraws or becomes clingy Ã¢â¬ ¢Obsessions or phobias Ã¢â¬ ¢Sudden underachievement or lack of concentration Ã¢â¬ ¢Seeking adult attention and not mixing well with other children Ã¢â¬ ¢Sleep or speech disorders Ã¢â¬ ¢Negative statements about self Ã¢â¬ ¢Highly aggressive or cruel to others Ã¢â¬ ¢Extreme shyness or passivit y Ã¢â¬ ¢Running away, stealing and lying 2. 3Possible effects of emotional abuse This type of abuse can lead to adverse long-term effects on the childÃ¢â¬â¢s development. We will write a custom essay sample on Describe That Possible Signs, Symptoms, Indicators and Behaviours That May Cause Concern in the Context of Safeguarding. specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now We will write a custom essay sample on Describe That Possible Signs, Symptoms, Indicators and Behaviours That May Cause Concern in the Context of Safeguarding. specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer We will write a custom essay sample on Describe That Possible Signs, Symptoms, Indicators and Behaviours That May Cause Concern in the Context of Safeguarding. specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer Emotional abuse has a significant impact on a developing childs mental health, behaviour and self-esteem. This type of abuse is as important as the other three types, and can be detected as the signs are more visible and can be easily detected. Domestic violence, adult mental health problems and parental substance misuse may be features in families where children are exposed to such abuse. (Source: www. nspcc. org. uk) 3) Sexual Abuse Sexual abuse involves forcing or enticing a child or young person to take part in sexual activities, whether or not the child is aware of what is happening. This may involve physical contact including penetrative sex, oral sex, masturbation, kissing, rubbing, or touching outside of clothing, or it may involve non-contact activities such as involving children in watching sexual activities, producing or looking at sexual images, encouraging children to behave in sexually inappropriate ways, or grooming a child in preparation for abuse (including via the internet). Abusers can be men, women or other children. Between 21% and 36% of sexually abused children will display few or no symptoms (Source: Oates, OToole, Lynch, Stern Cooney, 1994). . 1) Signs of possible sexual abuse Ã¢â¬ ¢Any allegations made by a child concerning sexual abuse Ã¢â¬ ¢The child has an excessive preoccupation with sexual matters and inappropriate knowledge of adult sexual behaviour for their age, or regularly engages in sexual play inappropriate for their age Ã¢â¬ ¢Sexual activity through words, play or drawing Ã¢â¬ ¢Repeated urinary infections or unexplained stom ach pains Ã¢â¬ ¢The child is sexually provocative or seductive with adults Ã¢â¬ ¢Inappropriate bed-sharing arrangements at home Severe sleep disturbances with fears, phobias, vivid dreams or nightmares which sometimes have overt or veiled sexual connotations Ã¢â¬ ¢Eating disorders such as anorexia or bulimia. 3. 2)Possible effects of sexual abuse Behaviour such as self-harm, inappropriate sexual behaviour, sadness, depression and loss of self esteem has all been linked to sexual abuse. The effects of sexual abuse can affect the individual into their adult life. The extent or the severity of each case is determined by the time span of abuse, the more serious the abuse, the younger the child is and the relationship of the child to the abuser. Once sexual abuse has been identified the support of an adult who believes the child helps, starts to help the child understand the abuse and can therefore offer help and protection to the abused child. 4) Neglect Neglect has been described as the Ã¢â¬Å"most serious type of child maltreatment and the least understoodÃ¢â¬ (Crittenden 1999: 67). It is the most common reason for inclusion on the child protection register in the UK. In the year ending 31st March 2006, 43 per cent of child protection registrations in England related to children considered to be at risk of neglect (Source: DfES, 2006) . Neglect is the failure to meet a childÃ¢â¬â¢s basic physical and or psychological needs, which is likely to affect the childÃ¢â¬â¢s health or development. Neglect is when a parent or carer fails to provide adequate food, clothing, shelter (including exclusion from home or abandonment), medical care, or protection from physical and emotional harm or danger. Additionally failure to ensure access to education or to look after a child because the carer is under the influence of alcohol or drugs, is considered as Neglect. 4. 1Signs of possible neglect Dirty skin, body smells, unwashed, uncombed hair and untreated lice Ã¢â¬ ¢Clothing that is dirty, too big or small, or inappropriate for weather conditions Ã¢â¬ ¢Frequently left unsupervised or alone Ã¢â¬ ¢Frequent diarrhoea Ã¢â¬ ¢Frequent tiredness Ã¢â¬ ¢Untreated illnesses, infected cuts or physical complaints which the carer does not respond to Ã¢â¬ ¢Frequently hungry Ã¢â¬ ¢Overeating junk food 4. 2Possible effects of neglect N eglect can seriously impair a childs health, physical and intellectual growth and development, and can cause long term difficulties with social functioning, relationships and educational progress. Extreme cases of neglect can cause death. (Source:http://www. nspcc. org. uk/Inform/research/briefings/childneglectpdf_wdf51503. pdf) 5) Bullying Bullying is also recognised as a type of abuse. Bullying is always distressing for the victim and can have serious consequences. Bullying should always be taken seriously. Emotional bullying is the most commonly reported by children and young people and is often more difficult to spot. Bullying can take place both inside and outside of the school. Bullying happens when an individual or a group show hostility towards an individual and this can be: Ã¢â¬ ¢Emotional, such as name-calling, Ã¢â¬Ësending to CoventryÃ¢â¬â¢ (not talking to someone), taking or hiding personal items, humiliating, spreading rumours or teasing Ã¢â¬ ¢Physical, such as pushing, kicking, hitting, pinching or threatening to use physical force Ã¢â¬ ¢Racist, such as racial taunts or gestures Ã¢â¬ ¢Sexual, such as inappropriate physical contact, sexual comments and innuendo, or homophobic taunts. (Source: http://www. nspcc. org. uk) 6) Cyber-bullying In recent years, a new form of bullying known as Ã¢â¬Ëcyber-bullyingÃ¢â¬â¢ has become increasingly common. Studies show that one in five children were cyber-bullied in 2008. Cyber-bullying may be emotional, racist or sexual forms of abuse. It happens through emails, text messages or telephone calls. Information about someone may also be shared by putting it on to social networking sites. This can include the sharing of private photographs. (Source: www. avg. com) Children and young people who use this method of bullying often feel disassociated from their actions, but the consequences can be just as serious for the child. This type of bullying can be particularly distressing as children are unable to get away from it, it even invades their home.
Sunday, March 8, 2020
Japanese School System Facts The Japanese educational system was reformed after World War II. The old 6-5-3-3 system was changed to a 6-3-3-4 system (6 years of elementary school, 3 years of junior high school, 3 years of senior high school and 4 years of University) with reference to the American system. The gimukyoiku Ã§ ¾ ©Ã¥â¹â¢Ã¦â¢â¢Ã¨â ² (compulsory education) time period is 9 years, 6 in shougakkou Ã¥ ° Ã¥ ¦Ã¦ ¡ (elementary school) and 3 in chuugakkou Ã¤ ¸ Ã¥ ¦Ã¦ ¡ (junior high school). Japan has one of the worlds best-educated populations, with 100% enrollment in compulsory grades and zero illiteracy. While not compulsory, high school (koukou Ã© «ËÃ¦ ¡) enrollment is over 96% nationwide and nearly 100% in the cities. The high school drop out rate is about 2% and has been increasing. About 46% of all high school graduates go on to university or junior college. The Ministry of Education closely supervises curriculum, textbooks, and classes and maintains a uniform level of education throughout the country. As a result, a high standard of education is possible. Student Life Most schools operate on a three-term system with the new year starting in April. The modern educational system started in 1872 and is modeled after the French school system, which begins in April. The fiscal year in Japan also begins in April and ends in March of the following year, which is more convenient in many aspects. April is the height of spring when cherry blossomsÃ (the most loved flower of the Japanese!) bloom and the most suitable time for a new start in Japan. This difference in the school-year system causes some inconvenience to students who wish to study abroad in the U.S. A half-year is wasted waiting to get in and often another year is wasted when coming back to the Japanese university system and having to repeat a year. Except for the lower grades of elementary school, the average school day on weekdays is 6 hours, which makes it one of the longest school days in the world. Even after school lets out, the children have drills and other homework to keep them busy. Vacations are 6 weeks in the summer and about 2 weeks each for winter and spring breaks. There is often homework over these vacations.Ã Every class has its own fixed classroom where its students take all the courses, except for practical training and laboratory work. During elementary education, in most cases, one teacher teaches all the subjects in each class. As a result of the rapid population growth after World War II, the numbers of students in a typical elementary or junior high school class once exceeded 50 students, but now it is kept under 40. At public elementary and junior high school, school lunch (kyuushoku Ã§ µ ¦Ã© £Å¸) is provided on a standardized menu, and it is eaten in the classroom. Nearly all junior high schools require their students to wear a school uniform (seifuku Ã¥Ë ¶Ã¦Å" ). A big difference between the Japanese school system and the American School system is that Americans respect individuality while the Japanese control the individual by observing group rules. This helps to explain the Japanese characteristic of group behavior. Translation Exercise Because of the rapid population growth after World War II, the number of students in a typical elementary or junior high school once exceeded 50.Ã Dainiji sekai taisen no ato no kyuugekina jinkou zouka no tame, tenkeitekina shou-chuu gakkou no seitosu wa katsute go-juu nin o koemashita.Ã§ ¬ ¬Ã¤ ºÅ'Ã¦ ¬ ¡Ã¤ ¸â"Ã§â¢Å'Ã¥ ¤ §Ã¦Ë ¦Ã£ ®Ã£ âÃ£ ¨Ã£ ®Ã¦â¬ ¥Ã¦ ¿â¬Ã£ ªÃ¤ º ºÃ¥ £Ã¥ ¢â"Ã¥Å Ã£ ®Ã£ Å¸Ã£â Ã£â¬ Ã¥â¦ ¸Ã¥Å¾â¹Ã§Å¡âÃ£ ªÃ¥ ° Ã¤ ¸ Ã¥ ¦Ã¦ ¡Ã£ ®Ã§âÅ¸Ã¥ ¾âÃ¦â¢ °Ã£ ¯Ã£ â¹Ã£ ¤Ã£ ¦Ã¤ º ºÃ£ââÃ¨ ¶â¦Ã£ ËÃ£ ¾Ã£ â"Ã£ Å¸Ã£â¬â Grammar ~no tame means because of ~. I didnt go to work because of a cold.Kaze no tame, shigoto ni ikimasen deshita.Ã© ¢ ¨Ã©â ªÃ£ ®Ã£ Å¸Ã£â Ã£â¬ Ã¤ »â¢Ã¤ ºâ¹Ã£ «Ã¨ ¡Å'Ã£ Ã£ ¾Ã£ âºÃ£ââÃ£ §Ã£ â"Ã£ Å¸Ã£â¬â Vocabulary dainiji sekai taisen Ã§ ¬ ¬Ã¤ ºÅ'Ã¦ ¬ ¡Ã¤ ¸â"Ã§â¢Å'Ã¥ ¤ §Ã¦Ë ¦ World War II ato Ã£ âÃ£ ¨ after kyuugekina Ã¦â¬ ¥Ã¦ ¿â¬Ã£ ª rapid jinkou zouka Ã¤ º ºÃ¥ £Ã¥ ¢â"Ã¥Å population growth tenkeitekina Ã¥â¦ ¸Ã¥Å¾â¹Ã§Å¡âÃ£ ª typical shou chuu gakkou Ã¥ ° Ã¤ ¸ Ã¥ ¦Ã¦ ¡ elementary and junior high schools seitosuu Ã§âÅ¸Ã¥ ¾âÃ¦â¢ ° the numbers of students katsute Ã£ â¹Ã£ ¤Ã£ ¦ once go-juu Ã¤ ºâÃ¥ fifty koeru Ã¨ ¶â¦Ã£ ËÃ£ââ¹ to exceed
Friday, February 21, 2020
Research Proposal Example This research will be based on the Psychological Theories of drug abuse. Within this theoretical framework, reinforcement and individual theories will be explored to establish that pushes students into drugs. The research will follow the exploratory design and will be based on mixed methodology. Data will be collected from students and teachers using both structured and unstructured questionnaires. Interviews will also be scheduled with key informants. The researcher believes that research findings will make invaluable contributions to the existing literature that links substance abuse to poor academic performance. Keywords: substance abuse and academic performance The Correlation between Cigarette Smoking and High School Achievement Substance use among teenagers has finally entered the unchartered territory where it is no longer possible to ignore its impacts. The increasing prevalence of teenagers abusing drugs in the United States has become a major public health issue. Subsequent addiction and loss of productivity among drug users have particularly elicited great interest in substance abuse. The importance of substance abuse in academic discourses stems from the correlation between substance abuse and academic performance. Therefore, substance use and abuse are focal issues that academic commentators must address with urgency. Peer pressure has been cited as the common motivators for teenagers to engage in drugs (Thorlindsson and Vilhjalmsson, 1991). Most teenagers feel pressured to take alcohol/drugs at social gathering in order to conform to social groups. Nevertheless, some teenagers use drugs and other substances as a means of dealing with their distress. In the same vein, other teenagers may use drugs to overcome personal limitations, such as low self-esteem or shyness (Morin et al., 2011). The first casualty of substance use and abuse is cognitive ability. Impaired cognition limits the performance capacity of substance users (Thorlindsson and Vilhjalm sson, 1991). It is against this backdrop that the proposed research purposes to establish how cigarette smoking among high school students affects their overall, academic performance. Significance of the Research Education has long been heralded as a means of social mobility. Accordingly, proponents of academic achievements link education attainment to a successful future. Nevertheless, the job market has become very competitive in the 21st century than ever before. This implies that students who fail to achieve high grades stand no chance of competing favorably in the job market. Within such a context, academic achievement tops the agenda for many discussions within government and academic circles. By studying the correlation between cigarette smoking and high school achievement, the proposed research underscores the role that education plays in personal development. The research will, firstly, establish the link between cigarette smoking and high school achievement. Secondly, the research will identify the prevalence of cigarette smoking among high school students and the factors that contribute to this prevalence. Thirdly, the research aims at establishing the effects of cigarette smoking on high school stude